Pearl Of The Desert


Ancient castle in Rayen – Iran
 
 
 
The history of human settlements in the territory of Kerman dates back to the 4th millennium BC. This area is considered as one of the ancient regions of Iran and valuable historical vestiges have been discovered here. Jiroft is an example, where a previously unknown settlement dating back to around 2500BC has just been established by archeologists. Kerman has an abundance of historical sites and landmarks, 283 in total, according to Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization. Ancient abandoned citadels such as Arg-é Bam and Rayen castle have been preserved in the desert for two thousand years.
  
 
 
 
Rayen is a city in Kerman (province). Rayen is everything Bam used to be before the earthquake. Rayen has a historic Arg (fortress) built entirely of sun-dried mud bricks. Its historic city has countless mudbrick houses, some of them unfortunately decaying, but it is this decaying charm that makes the city even more attractive.
Arg-e Rayen was inhabited until 150 years ago and, although believed to be at least thousands years old, may in fact have foundations from the pre-Islamic Sassanid era.
 
 
 
 
The planning and architecture of the citadel are thought out from different points of view. From the present form of the citadel one can see that the planner(s) had foreseen the entire final form of the building and city from the first steps in the planning process. During each phase of building development the already-built part enjoyed a complete figure, and each additional part could be “sewn” into the existing section seamlessly.
 
 
 
The citadel is situated in the center of the fortress-city, on the point with widest view for security. When the gate of the city was closed, no human or animal could enter. The inhabitants could continue living for a long period of time in isolation as they had access to a well, gardens, and domestic animals inside. When the fortress-city was besieged the inhabitants could remain in the city while the soldiers could defend it, protected by high walls and towers.
 
 
 
 
All buildings are made of non-baked clay bricks, i.e. adobes. Bam Citadel was, prior to the 2003 earthquake, the biggest adobe structure in the world and then Rayen Castle (Arg-é Rayen).
 
 
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